Chad: French Map of Oppression

They were called Yannick Djikouloum and Eric Allahramadji. Or Balam Dorsouma and Sinna Garandi. Ordinary children, almost 23 for the oldest, life ahead of them. They grew up in Chad and have known nothing but endless reign. For three decades, Marshal Idriss Deby Itno held his country with an iron fist. He never loosened his grip on a people suffocated by fear and misery. Chad is the 3rdand poorest country in the world despite its oil spill. So when it was announced on national television on April 20, 2021, that the warlord had finally sent the weapon to the left – Idriss Deby had fallen under mysterious circumstances at the front against the rebels: the one who lived off AK-47 will perish by the rocket launcher – Yannick , Eric and Balam struggled to believe it. But very quickly, hope gave way to anger. Because Deby’s father was immediately replaced by his miniature, his adopted son, who commanded his presidential guard. Mahamat Idriss Deby known as “Kaka” took power through a good old family coup. Well helped by a group of generals, he dissolved the government, the constitution, parliament and everything that stood in his way. France, the former settler, always godfather, did not dampen. The homeland of human rights has allowed one to assume all rights. The thousands of French soldiers present in Chad, officially to fight terrorism in the Sahel, remained under arms. Four days after the coup, Emmanuel Macron even hurried to Ndjamena, the Chadian capital, to bury Deby and turn his son into a knight: The king is dead, long live the king. Paris was quickly reassured and Francafrique still had a bright future ahead of him. But it was without reckoning with the Chadian people for whom the cup was full.

Emmanuel Macron bows in front of Idriss Debi Itno’s coffin in April 2021 (AFP / Christophe Petit Tesson)

Peaceful protests broke out across the country. On April 27, 2021, Yannick, Éric, and thousands of others took to the streets. They pounded the sidewalk and the grooved arteries with forty degrees in the shade. They demonstrated with their bare hands against the father Deby and the son Deby and this France, which everyone had in mind. Sixty years since Chad’s independence had been proclaimed and sixty years since the former colonist continued to squat. Already three times, in 2006, 2008 and 2019, the French soldiers had rescued Idriss Deby from the rebel columns that threatened to overthrow him. “We were supposed to go out at 6 o’clock, but the young people came in front of us the leaders. They went out to demonstrate at 4 o’clock in the morning in scattered groups, in several neighborhoods, “recalls Blaise Ngartoidé, general secretary of the teachers’ union and a member of Wakit Tamma, a coalition that brings together political parties and civil society organizations opposed to Deby. dynasty. “The regime was very well informed about the movements of the protesters. They sent police, then the president’s guard, to fire sharp ammunition. In the Walia district alone, 7 out of 300 protesters died, “said Mbairis Blaise Ngartoidé. “There were people in big white V8 cars that we saw in the middle of the police and who were shooting,” adds Success Masra, one of the main opponents. Yannick, Eric and other small gavroches will never return home, shot and killed by police during a day of anger that will turn into a massacre. Success Masra’s party will count 11 dead in its ranks. Mbairis Blaise Ngartoide talks about 27 protesters killed in the capital and in other major cities in the country. On the evening of April 27, 2021, Deby Junior passed his baptism of fire. The uprising was bloody crushed.

A French institute in the service of Deby?

If the Deby clan was able to retain control and suppress the popular uprising so easily, it is not only because of the brutality of its security forces. The plan is also very well informed. Chad, which is one of the five worst dictatorships in the world according to the magazine’s Democracy Index The Economist, has a formidable political police force. The sinister National Security Agency (ANS) has eyes and ears everywhere. She does not hesitate to imprison the first opponent to come. Israeli mercenaries affiliated with Mossad have also been installed in the presidential palace since 2006, where they have multiplied telephone tapping. And our good old DGSE never hesitates to help its longtime ally in the Sahel: it works closely with the very francophile Ahmed Kogri, the head of ANS. However, one element of this ruthless security apparatus was never mentioned in the press. And with good reason, because it seems to have been carefully hidden from the general public. It is a branch of a French public institution that we would give to the good Lord without confession: the National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information (IGN), the former army map service. Located today under the supervision of the French Ministry of Ecological Transition, IGN designs maps that delight millions of hikers and lost drivers.

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