Which cities in Gers are the most disadvantaged children?

The Department of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics is a department of the French central public administration that produces statistics and socio-economic studies. It is under the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance.

In a national survey entitled “Cartography of children’s quality of life in France”, it is interested in all the French departments and classifies communities of communes (EPCI) by groups from 1 to 8 according to whether living conditions are favorable or not for children.

The east and southeast of the department benefit

The interactive map published on the Internet shows that the areas located on an L’Isle-Jourdain / Vic-Fezensac axis, as well as those located on an Auch / Masseube axis, are preferred, mainly due to the connection. to the Toulouse metropolitan area, to the communication routes (N124), at the Auscitain pole.

There are communities of municipalities Coteaux Arrats Gimon, Grand Auch Heart of Gascony, Val de Gers, Gascony Toulousaine, Artagnan de Fezensac and Savès corresponding to 179 municipalities.

For the Poles of Auch and L’Isle Jourdain, located in group 2 in orange, the economic factors are quite favorable there. The average standard of living for families on average close to the national value (1,660 euros per month). Children are less likely to live in poor families. Single parents and unemployed parents, who are more often affected by poverty, are less represented there than the average for all areas. In these areas, families are less likely to live in old or overcrowded homes. Income inequalities are lower: the Gini index – the usual index for measuring inequalities – is lower there. Priority education is less developed there. In addition, access to equipment is on average easier. Admission times to the nearest high schools and colleges are relatively short, and accessibility to places with day care and in school is the best in metropolitan areas.
On the contrary, if the availability and use of paediatricians compared to the population is lower than in the areas as a whole, the use of general practitioners is higher. Finally, the number of voluntary abortions of minors is lower there than in the other territories.

That Vic-Fezensac / L’Isle Jourdain and Auch / Masseube axes is in group 3 in yellow. As in group 2, the dwellings where the children live are less often overcrowded and less often old. On the other hand, the availability of equipment and services is more limited. The average distances to high schools and colleges are thus greater than in the areas as a whole. The availability of crèches and general practitioners is also lower. At the school level, children are less likely to drop out of school before the age of 18 and are also less likely to be late for sixth grade. Thus, on average, only 2% of 16-17-year-olds have left school, only 7% of sixth-grade students have repeated at least one class, compared with 4% and 9%, respectively, across all territories.

They exposed the North, West and Southwest

Conversely, the other two-thirds of the department are moderately to largely disadvantaged.

There are communities of municipalities Armagnac Adour, Aire-sur-l’Adour (partly in Gers), Bas Armagnac, Bastides de Lomagne, Bastides and Vallons du Gers, Heart of Astarac in Gascony, Astarac Arros in Gascony, Grand Armagnac, Tenarèze, Lomagne Gersoise, Deux Rives (partly on Gers) corresponding to 282 municipalities.

That zone 5 in blue includes rural areas away from healthcare. Mainly located in rural areas. This group of territories is the host financially disadvantaged families. Children more often live in families below the low-income threshold and more often have an unemployed parent. Conversely, they are less likely to have a parent in charge. The percentage of children with a leading parent is on average 8% compared to 15% for all areas in the capital France. The standard of living is lower than in the territories as a whole. Families more often have three or more children. But inequalities in living standards are moderate. The homes are less crowded, and the relative housing costs to buy in relation to the families’ standard of living are lower.
This group differs markedly from the previous one by less accessibility for general practitioners or pediatricians. In addition, children in these territories are less likely to be licensed athletes. Finally they stops school more often before the age of 18 and more often arrives late for sixth grade.

That zone 6 in light green includes areas that have few children and that also have lower availability of services and equipment. The proportion of children in the population is lower in this group than elsewhere and has been declining since 2009. This group of territories has several characteristics in common with group 5, especially in economic matters. Families live below the low-income threshold more often, and their standard of living is lower there than elsewhere. Children more often have an unemployed parent and less often a custodial parent. But just like in Group 5, the price level of property purchases, related to families’ standard of living, is lower than in all metropolitan areas. As in group 5, access to care is more limited than in all areas. The average use of care (general practitioners, pediatricians, dentists, ophthalmologists, and psychiatrists) is also among the lowest there (Chaput and Vergier, 2017). Added to this is even worse accessibility to other equipment and services than in group 5: fewer vacancies in crèches, day care centers or schools, access times to the municipalities at the nearest high schools and colleges. At the school level, children in these areas more often arrive late when entering sixth grade, and more often stop their studies before the age of 18.. The figures per class, however, is lower than elsewhere. Finally, the number of sports licenses issued per hundred children also lower.

Differences within the same EPCI

If the cartography and DREES survey show trends and an average within a community of municipalities (EPCI), the situation can be contrasted inside, depending on the size of the municipality in question and its distance from the other more attractive / favored areas. this must therefore be taken into account.

Similarly, the analysis of each group (color) is the same for the entire national territory. It must be borne in mind that the Gers territory may have its own peculiarities, even if the characteristics observed meet the criteria for forming the groups.

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