A heat wave hits the country. The heat wave even hits some parts of the country. Météo-France has set 12 departments on red alert for Friday, June 17th. In the affected areas, “parents who want it and who are capable of it will be able to keep their children at home and not send them to school or college”, indicates on its website the Ministry of National Education. Except “Possible closure decisions made by prefectural authorities, schools and institutions maintain student reception”, says the ministry. The departments under red alert are: Tarn, Haute-Garonne, Gers, Tarn-et-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Landes, Gironde, Charente, Charente-Maritime, Deux-Sèvres, Vienna and Vendée.
National Education has sent recommendations to school leaders and heads of institutions to limit the effects of heat on the health of students and staff. Here is the essence of the desired measures, published on its website.
Optimal utilization of space
Recipients must identify the premises that are most exposed to the sun and “adapting the organization and use of space” after this exhibition. Where possible, students should be accommodated “in rooms protected from heat”. National Education cites as examples “less exposed or protected facades” where is “overgrown and covered spaces”.
The blinds or shutters in the rooms must be “closed when the facade is sunny”.
Windows should not be open all the time. The air can be renewed “by a short opening”, i.e. “between five and ten minutes”.
If it is possible, “Windows open at night” can even be predicted.
If the rooms used have one “mechanical ventilation”they must “ensure the good renewal of the air”especially by activating “night ventilation mode”.
Parents need to pay attention “to the need to adapt students’ attire, to provide caps and sunglasses” as well as the use, before the start of the course days, of “Sunscreen”.
Special guidance for students
At school, students must “drink regularly” and are invited to “wet their skin”.
Physical activities are reduced, excursions are prohibited “in the hottest times”.
The menus offered by the school canteens must not contain “food that is too fat or too sweet”.
School leaders must have “special vigilance towards people and students known to have respiratory pathologies or disabilities”.
“When taking medicine”they must “check the storage methods and side effects by asking for an opinion from the National Education’s doctors and nurses”.
That “signs of deteriorating health (great weakness, great fatigue, dizziness, dizziness, decreased consciousness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, etc.)”, can reveal “heat stroke” impose a medical response.
Instructions for outdoor excursions
School trips are not encouraged in hot weather. School leaders must “assess the possibility of maintaining school excursions or collective or festive events in relation to their character and their relationship, with regard to the risks of heat exposure which they present, especially for the youngest and most fragile pupils”.
When arranging excursions, the following precautions must be observed:
- avoid prolonged exposure to the sun (walking, physical and sporting activities, etc.);
- ensure that students are appropriately dressed (hat, loose, light and light clothing, covering exposed parts of the skin, etc.);
- drink plenty of uniced water;
- eat enough, avoid foods that are too fatty or too sweet;
- use plenty of sunscreen with a high sun protection factor.
Bac and patent: the tests are not canceled
The baccalaureate and university exams are not canceled. The recommendations mentioned here must be implemented. The rooms where the examinations take place must be protected from heat. Applicants must have “provide drinking water and / or” to be right “leaving the room to quench your thirst”.