Kindergarten: definition, reception conditions, costs

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Less numerous than crèches also welcome kindergartens for children up to 6 years. The purpose of these structures is to promote the awakening of children. However, the latest law for the trust school threatens their future …

If nurseries and nurseries are well known to the general public, kindergartens are smaller. Yet they have also been accepting children for a long time. It was Friedrich Fröbel, a German educator, who coined the concept of kindergartens in the 19th century.

In France, kindergartens arose mainly after the First and Second World Wars. Their mission is to welcome children from the most disadvantaged families before they start school, and to give women the opportunity to go to work to restore the country’s economy. These kindergartens were to reduce social inequalities and prepare children for schooling.

Thus, until recently, Parisian kindergartens were e.g. attached to Paris Habitat with responsibility for the management of low-rent housing. From now on, they are affiliated with the department for families and toddlers. In eastern France, the first kindergartens were also located in social housing areas.

What is a kindergarten?

The kindergarten is a reception place in the middle between the collective nursery and the kindergarten. The purpose of these structures is to welcome children, to respect their needs, to promote their awakening through educational activities, while meeting the expectations of the Ministry of National Education in terms of education.

There are municipal kindergartens, other private or run by associations. Each has its dynamics and its pedagogical approaches.

Which children are welcome in kindergartens?

In the texts, kindergartens are intended for children from 18 months to 6 years. “In general, the reception takes place rather from 2 years, where the walk is well-suited and the language develops more “, specifies Virginie Keller, head of the Bischheim kindergarten and herself a teacher of young children. Kindergartens also accept children with disabilities.

Children must have a good reputation with regard to compulsory vaccinations, and their parents must present a medical certificate of less than 2 months without contraindication to local reception.

Since the enactment of the Blanquer Act for a trust school in July 2019, from the age of 3, education has now become mandatory. The child can follow his schooling in the kindergarten if the structure is opened before 29 July 2019 and that the schooling takes place there between the start of the school year 2019 and the end of the school year 2023-2024.

Who works in a kindergarten?

Various professions can develop within these institutions: early childhood educators, child care assistants, agents holding the early childhood CAP, maternity care, medical-psychological help, maintenance agents, catering agent.

The supervision rate is on average set at 1 professional for 6 children for those under 3 years of age and at 1 professional for 15 children for 3-6 year olds. Professionals in early childhood rely on the various pedagogies in their honor to develop the desired prerequisites, and which are based on the foundations of national education.

Kindergarten: What are the differences and similarities between the nursery and the kindergarten?

The biggest difference between a kindergarten and a nursery is the age of the children housed there. There are no babies here, the baby is often 2 years old when it arrives. Otherwise, the operation is quite reminiscent of nurseries. “In our kindergarten in Bischheim, like nurseries, we have a wide range of hours, as we are open from 7:30 to 18:15 all week and during school holidays. This allows the child to always have the same team to take care of him “, says Virginie Keller. Most of the time, kindergartens are supported by Caf, which pays them a single service (PSU) and by the municipalities.

From the age of 3, children must be present for a minimum of hours in the kindergarten, as for children in the nursery. But kindergarten provides more flexibility. “Some artisan or trade parents, such as do not work on Mondays, have their child with them that day. The child may come at another time and still work the desired number of hours due to our schedule. There is more individuality in the care of the child “, adds the kindergarten leader. As in school, the little ones are divided into level groups. Workshops are offered to them: musical awakening, English, baby gym …

Childhood: Who runs the kindergartens?

Kindergartens can be municipal as in Paris. In this case, they are managed by the city they depend on. They can also be private or managed by an association. Their opening is subject to the opinion of the Chairman of the Departmental Council and the Maternity and Child Protection (PMI).

Kindergartens: What does it cost?

The cost of registration is generally comparable to a traditional collective nursery and varies according to family quotient or income. In private kindergartens that do not receive subsidies, prices are generally higher. In all cases, these expenses for receiving the child entitle the parents to a tax deduction.

In choosing a kindergarten, it is important to take into account its needs. The reception often takes place there only from 2 years. Do you have a reception status for your child at that time? There are few kindergartens in France. Is anyone near your home? In addition, you should know that the number of places in the kindergarten is limited. Contact the person who interests you or your city to find out in good time how it works, because it can vary from one structure to another.

You will find the list of kindergartens on the website of the Caisse d’Allocations Familiales (Caf). Depending on the nature of the kindergarten, registration is made with the association or the director of the institution, if it is a private kindergarten, or even with the municipality’s toddler service. It is advisable to consult with these organizations about the steps to be taken and the supporting documents to be provided (family book, birth certificate, proof of address, tax return, etc.) as they may differ from city to city. one. The family undertakes to inform the town hall and the academic director of the national education services (Dasen) that they are admitting their child to the kindergarten.

The planned completion of kindergartens?

With the Blanquer law for the trust school and the lowering of the compulsory age limit to 3 years, kindergartens are ready to develop. They benefit from a short postponement until the end of the year 2023-2024. Then they will have to become a private school to accommodate 3-6 year olds or a childcare company (EAJE) for 0-3 year olds with perhaps special functions for 18-36 months. A conclusion that many professionals and parents regret. “This support offered by kindergartens is more equitable in relation to the child’s emotional development and its need for very strong reference points. He stays with the same team, in the same place while he is at school, he goes to day care in the morning and / or in the evening with certain people, then with his mistress, then with other professionals in the canteen, in a leisure center during the school holidays … The education of the early childhood educator concerns 0-7 year olds, they are specialists in this age group. The child must be accompanied as a whole by his parents, and I am not sure that the national education can afford it. “ends Virginie Keller.

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