MAP. 260,000 poor children in Paca: The situation in Vaucluse

A significant proportion of children living in Avignon are considered poor (© AdobeStock)

I Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, 260,000 children are poor, or a quarter of the population under the age of 18, states a recent report from INSEE. Paca is thus the second most affected provincial region after Hauts-de-France. Half of the kids have one standard of living below 1,550 euros per month. What about Vaucluse?

A high proportion of poor children in Avignon

According to INSEE, this finding is partly explained by the more frequent presence of single parents, who are more affected by money poverty.

In Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, children live much more often in overcrowded housing than on average in the provincial regions (20.9% versus 9.2%). It is the second region most affected by overcrowding after Île-de-France (28.1%). “This is explained by the concentration of the regional population in urban areas where collective housing dominates: 53.9% of children live in flats, compared to 28.8% in the province of France”.

The areas with a low standard of living for children, where the median standard of living for children is lowest, are within the large municipalities. In Avignon, 69% of children live there (compared to 20% in the region), 45% in Marseille, 41% in Toulon and 31% in Nice.

The differences in children’s living standards are marked between the poles and the crowns in the cities’ attraction area.

The crowns attract fairly wealthy populations, often in search of individual housing or access to property. As a result, 59% of the children in the crowns live in areas with a fairly high or high standard of living, whereas this is only the case for 29% of the children in the poles.

Conversely, 55% of children in the Poles live in an area with a low or fairly low standard of living.

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Median standard of living for children in 2018, by territory
Median standard of living for children in 2018, by territory (© Insee)

Favorable living conditions in Bollène and Valréas

In addition to the strictly monetary aspect, an index of living conditions that complements the standard of living has been compiled by INSEE, which integrates other aspects of the living environment, such as housing type, air quality or the social environment. It provides a much more favorable picture of children’s situation in areas outside the cities’ attraction. In these areas, 42% of the children live in an area with a relatively low standard of living, but none in an area with relatively unfavorable or unfavorable living conditions.

“In a less marked way, this finding is also confirmed in the crowns of the areas,” notes INSEE. In the suburbs of Apt and Cavaillon, for example, more than three quarters of children live in an area with favorable living conditions, while no child lives in an area with a high standard of living.

In municipalities outside the cities, living conditions for children are slightly more favorable than in the suburbs.

In the centers of areas with less than 200,000 inhabitants affected by monetary poverty, the monetary disadvantage of taking into account living conditions is reduced. In the Bollène and Valréas centers, no child lives in an area with unfavorable living conditions, while more than half of the children live in an area with a low standard of living. In the center of Carpentras, areas with unfavorable living conditions gather 36% of the children, while 68% live in an area with a low standard of living.

Non-monetary living conditions for children in 2018, by territory
Non-monetary living conditions for children in 2018, by territory (© Insee)

Among the poles in areas with 200,000 or more inhabitants, Avignon also offers children living conditions that are better than the standard of living. In the center of Avignon, 41% of children live in an area with unfavorable living conditions, while 60% live in an area with a low standard of living.

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