How much does childcare, daycare or nanny cost parents?

On average 3.70 euros per. welcome child: This is the average net hourly wage paid by daycare parents in the fourth quarter of 2021, according to the latest data released by the Family Jobs Observatory on July 7th. A figure that has increased 2% year on year.

This average salary varies by about 45% between the cheapest and most expensive departments – from 3.10 euros in Sarthe and Orne to 4.50 euros in Haute-Corse and Reunion. In total, it exceeds 4 euros in fifteen other departments (including Hauts-de-Seine, Bouches-du-Rhône, Guyana, Corse-du-Sud, etc.). Paris is in the middle of the range, at 3.80 euros.

“It is the game of supply and demand that mainly explains the significant differences between the areas, the supply supply is very unevenly distributed and there are strong tensions locally”, details Isabelle Puech, Director of the Observatory of the Federation of Individual Employers of France (Fepem). The figures are based on salary data submitted by Urssaf National Fund. “The babysitter is the first way to receive young children outside the family”specifies Isabelle Puech, indicating that about 966,000 parents use it.

Regarding the net hourly wage for childcare at home (in the parents’ home), another possible individual childcare method, it averaged 9.70 euros net in the last quarter of 2021, an increase of 2.20% over a year. The differences between the departments are smaller, from 8.60 euros in Creuse to 10.20 euros in Haute-Savoie. According to Fepem, approximately 123,000 parents use this option.

Two economic logics

Be careful, even though the salary in both cases is negotiable between the two parties, employee and employer, these two forms of childcare work, financially, in a very different way, which can make comparisons complex for parents.

The day care worker’s net hourly wage can not be less than a minimum (ie then 1eh July 2022, 3.06 euros gross, and 3.18 euros if the professional has the professional title “maternal childcare assistant”), which depends on legal provisions and agreement. It must be supplemented by the parents with other remuneration elements: paid leave, a compulsory maintenance allowance (at least 3.47 euros per child for a nine-hour day, to cover in particular consumption of water and energy, materials), often meals costs, etc. Everything is understood per. trusted children.

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In general, parents do not pay social security contributions to their day care workers. For each child under the age of six who is cared for in this way, they can benefit from the free childcare allowance (CMG) paid by the child allowance funds; its amount varies depending on the age of the child and household resources. Other financial assistance granted: a tax deduction of 50% of the expenditure (CMG deducted), limited to EUR 1,150 per year. child.

Parents who use childcare at home, often referred to as the “home nanny”, must pay their staff a basic hourly wage higher than the minimum wage – 10.88 euros gross since July – regardless of the number of cared for children. However, the expense can be shared between two families in connection with “shared custody”. In addition, the payment of part of the transport costs and part of the contributions and social contributions linked to the salaries of their employees.

Here, too, parents can receive a CMG (one per family, even if two children are cared for by a nanny) and benefit from a tax deduction of 50% of the rest to be paid, here limited to 7,500 euros from two dependent children (9,000 euros for it first year in which a home-based employee is employed).

An increase in childcare costs can be expected

If they can give an idea, a reference, to parents who are currently seeking childcare for the start of the school year, these average salary amounts recorded in the last quarter of 2021 will not be those practiced at the start of the school year, new revaluations of the minimum wage have actually become negotiated since February and May 2022, mainly due to increases in the minimum wage, linked to inflation (the last revaluation to be applied soon), Fepem explains.

The association also expects, in the coming months and years, increases in the cost of childcare for parents associated with increases in energy and food prices, but above all more structurally to the shortage of professionals.

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“I fear strong market tensions, we are entering the shortage of day care workers that we have been announcing for some time, it is already evident in the western part of the country”apologizes to Marie-Béatrice Levaux, President of Fepem. “By 2030, 44% of them will in practice be of retirement age. Thus, almost 125,870 professionals need to be replaced in order to maintain an individual reception capacity for young children identical to today. »

To facilitate recruitment, she continues, “In particular, we need to adapt to the demands of new generations of professionals, who, for example, have less desire to work at home and more desire to develop as a team, which is possible within the framework of the day care home”.

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She warns: “All of these elements will increase the remaining tax for parents, unless the government decides to re-evaluate CMG, in order to rebalance it in relation to the support provided to parents of children kept in crèches. [directement incluse dans le tarif de la crèche et fonction des ressources de la famille]. »

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