Accidents in everyday life are the most frequent cause of death in children aged 1 to 4 years.
Indeed, this age group is particularly vulnerable to several daily hazards, some of which occur more frequently during the summer. This is the case with barbecue burns, drowning and dog bites or even insect bites.
“In France, 1,000 children are hospitalized every year because of a burn,” says CHU in Nantes.
Barbecue meals are high-risk situations for the youngest, “because children are often fascinated by fire”. As a result, they “become frequent victims of this clumsiness: burns can be particularly severe on the face, arms and respiratory tract”, Nantes University Hospital continues.
How to prevent? It is important to ensure that no child can approach within 5 meters of the grill or plancha. For this, it is ideal that it is under the supervision of a single adult during cooking.
Also remember that a grill stays hot for several hours after it has been turned off. Do not let children play alone in the garden during this cooling period.
Water can also be a dangerous element for the youngest. Drowning is thus the second cause of accidental death among young children in France.
Before knowing how to swim – that is, generally before the age of 6 – “every water point, swimming pool, sea, well, cistern, water recovery barrel, washhouse, small ornamental pond, pond, drinking trough, septic tank and manure pit is a permanent potential hazard to the small child who discovers these attractive and dangerous areas for him”, warns Nantes University Hospital.
How to prevent? It is imperative that only one adult is responsible for supervising a child of this age when near a water point.
The adult must bathe with the child when the child is in the water.
The heat stroke
Toddlers are very afraid of heat because their body has a harder time regulating its temperature.
Thus, a small child can quickly suffer from heatstroke if exposed to high temperatures for a long time, for example “in an overheated room and without sufficient ventilation”.
This is especially the case when a baby is placed “in a stroller that is too closed and the hood is up, a small child is left asleep in a vehicle, or even in the absence of ventilation in a car driving in a heat wave” .
It also happens that a baby suffers from it if he sleeps “in a room in the attic in the middle of summer or during a nap in the tent”.
How to prevent? Never leave a child alone in a car. Keep your child hydrated by giving them something to drink regularly, especially when it’s hot.
Do not let him sleep in a place without ventilation and where the temperature is too high.
“Animals are the cause of 7% of domestic accidents,” reports Nantes University Hospital. Among the situations often encountered: dog bites, because left “freer and more often outside, children are more likely to encounter” these animals.
The second danger is linked to stings from bees, wasps or wasps. “In most cases, they are reduced to pain and swelling of the affected part. However, for 1% of the population, a wasp or bee sting can be fatal,” emphasizes Nantes University Hospital.
How to prevent? Do not let him play with an animal, even if it belongs to a relative, without supervision.
Do not let your child walk barefoot on the grass.