The race to innovate and disrupt

Image: Unsplash

Connectivity consists of faster, better and increased data transfer between terminals. The wireless race, which began in 1979 with the first 1G technology deployed in Tokyo by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT), led the world to 5G and 6G four decades later.

McKinsey 2022 Technology Trends Outlook reveals that advanced connectivity, which includes 5G, 6G, low-Earth orbit satellites and other technologies, is driving growth and productivity in all sectors with an investment of $166 billion in 2021. Unlike other new technologies such as artificial intelligence ( AI) or mobility, the technology has a high adoption rate.

In a message shared by a user Market research and the future to TechRepublic, the organization explains that the COVID-19 pandemic has been a significant catalyst for the implementation of 5G worldwide.

– Advertising –

With the ability to transform industries faster, with greater capacity and less latency, 5G technology will impact transportation, banking systems, traffic management, remote healthcare, agriculture, digitized logistics and more, Market Research Future reports.

New technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), new smart cars, and augmented and virtual reality applications in the metaspace also require faster downloads and real-time communication. 5G and 6G should support these new trends.

SEE: Metaverse Cheat Sheet: Everything You Need to Know (Free PDF) (TechRepublic)

Market Research and Future explains that 5G deployment is not without challenges. The most important is the standardization of the spectrum and the difficulty of installing a 5G network. MIT Tech Review he adds that 6G will also face challenges and require cross-industry innovation, new chips, new devices and software.

Technological challenges of 5G and 6G

The next generation of cellular technologies offering higher spectrum efficiency and high bandwidth were discussed. As McKinsey explains, many still question whether 5G can completely replace the 4G LTE network and what percentage of networks will have 5G.

The World Association of Mobile Phone Providers in May 2022, it identified 493 operators in 150 countries investing in 5G technology and another 200 companies with technology that could potentially be used for 5G. New listings of 5G smartphones increased by 164% at the end of 2020, and cataloged 5G devices increased by 60%.

While new consumer products have quickly adapted to 5G capabilities, industrial and commercial equipment has not.

“The transition from 4G LTE to private 5G may not be cost-effective for all players; it would depend on the technological aspirations of the actor and the intended use cases,” McKinsey said.

Market Research Future explains that $61.4 billion is driving this highly competitive market, which is expected to grow to $689.6 billion by 2027. However, vendors of infrastructure equipment, devices and software have held back growth.

HAVE explains that 6G shares similar challenges to 5G, but also presents new challenges. 6G engineers need to work on infrastructure, devices and software to build next-generation communication systems. 6G connectivity cannot be achieved by simply expanding or upgrading today’s technology.

MIT adds that 6G uses more sophisticated active antenna systems that integrate more with other radio access technologies such as WLAN (wireless local area network), Bluetooth, UWB (ultra wideband) and satellite. Bringing all these technologies to a smartphone requires redesigning components such as chips and radio transceiver technology.

“This will require very creative electrical and computer engineering, as well as disruptive industrial engineering and energy management,” MIT explained.

The new 6G chips are necessary to address the increased computing power. Low latency – the ability to handle a very high volume of data messages with minimal delay – is already a challenge for 5G and will be even greater with 6G.

Low latency is essential for interactive data, real-time data and applications, virtual environments or digital twins. These are all AI, Metaverse and Industry requirements. 6G latency will be reduced by using nearby devices and creating a signal in a three-dimensional network.

SEE: The Ethical Politics of Artificial Intelligence (TechRepublic Premium)

To solve these problems, new semiconductor materials, smart surfaces, artificial intelligence and the development of digital twin technologies are used to test concepts, develop prototypes, manage and improve the network.

McKinsey points out that 5G has proven that only a few telcos have been able to monetize 5G enough to get a good return on investment (ROI). Therefore, capital expenditure and maintenance costs will also be closely monitored. In addition, large capital investments are required to build new technologies and networks, which is another business challenge.

Driving Connectivity: Industrial Disruption

Volkswagen has replaced wired connections between machines at its factory in Dresden, Germany, and is now updating finished cars with wireless updates and connecting driverless vehicles to cloud servers. Michelin is using new connectivity technologies for real-time inventory management, and Bosch has equipped its first factory with 5G, enabling automation, linking hundreds of terminals and synchronizing robotics with human factory workers. These are just a few examples cited by McKinsey of how advanced connectivity is disrupting industries.

Connectivity is expected to increase the annual rate of data creation by up to 25%, connecting 51.9 billion devices by 2025 and impacting global GDP (gross domestic product) by more than $2 trillion. In addition, 5G and 6G are expected to help bridge the digital divide by enabling hundreds of millions of people to connect for the first time.

In the automotive industry and assembly, 5G and 6G are being used to improve maintenance and navigation, avoid collisions and pilot the first autonomous vehicles. Medical devices and sensors connected to low-latency networks will improve the treatment and monitoring of patients with real-time data, which will have a significant impact on the treatment of patients with chronic diseases that require constant monitoring.

Aerospace and defense are leveraging 5G to increase capacity and performance, while retail has improved inventory management, supply chain coordination, and the payment process, creating a meta-version of experiences down to technology. The building and construction industry is printing 3D structures and using twins and high-speed digital applications, and the mining and natural resources sector is moving towards smart exploration and exploitation with digitization of processes and automation of operations.

Leaders in nearly every industry plan to engage in new connectivity technologies. McKinsey says they should see advanced connectivity as a key enabler for game-changing capabilities. From digital transformations to increasing efficiency through automation and technologies that rely on high-quality connectivity, such as cloud computing and IoT, connectivity will continue to define how the world works and lives.

Leave a Comment